A World of Unmentionable Suffering: Women’s Public Conveniences in Victorian London
Author/s: Barbara Penner
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Publication date: 2001
This paper, published in Journal of Design History, considers the following two points: first, how the design and siting of a women’s lavatory is not a neutral act but one that is shaped by historically and culturally specific notions; and second, how an everyday space such as a public lavatory actively positions (and re-positions) its users in relation to the existing power structure, providing an opportunity for small resistances to the status quo to occur.