Find published information on toilet design. Our resource bank includes guidance, standards, regulation, toolkits, websites and research.  Resources can be filtered by type or subject area, using the keywords shown.

We love hearing about other resources that you have found useful! Please send us details via this form.

The RCA is not responsible for the content of external websites.

Barbara Penner
This paper, published in Journal of Design History, considers the following two points: first, how the design and siting of a women's lavatory is not a neutral act but one that is shaped by historically and culturally specific notions; and second, how an everyday space such as a public lavatory actively positions (and re-positions) its users in relation to the existing power structure, providing an opportunity for small resistances to the status quo to occur.
Web link:
Go to resource
Publication date:
[et_pb_section fb_built="1" _builder_version="4.8.2" _module_preset="default" background_color="rgba(229,229,229,0.52)" custom_margin="50px||50px||false|false" border_radii="on|15px|15px|15px|15px" box_shadow_style="preset4" box_shadow_spread="-3px" box_shadow_color="#f15a62" locked="off"][et_pb_row _builder_version="4.8.2" _module_preset="default" custom_margin="auto|50px|0px|50px|false|false"][et_pb_column type="4_4" _builder_version="4.8.2" _module_preset="default"][et_pb_text _builder_version="4.8.2" _module_preset="default"]A World of Unmentionable Suffering: Women's Public Conveniences in Victorian London Author/s:1
GenderHistoryPublic Toilets
Academic Paper